History of Mini

From 1959 until 2000, the British Motor Company and its successor companies produced the Mini (a small car), which was the most popular of the cars manufactured in Britain and considered as an icon of the 1960s. The Mini space-saving distribution influenced on the way of designing cars. It might have been thought the car of the 20th century he came in second behind the Ford T, but it is still one of the most important legends of the automotive industry for its great design of engineering. In 2001 it was replaced by the new MINI, produced by the German manufacturer BMW with a retro design created by Frank Stephenson. The new Mini is manufactured in Graz, Austria and sold independently along with the Mini Countryman and not under the BMW brand.

Early in its development

During the 1950s for Europe, it was very difficult to accomplish its reconstruction after the second world war. Different automotive houses begin to create more durable, and compact models but proposals for locomotion had little success, so factories Morris and Austin decided to create the British Motor Corporation (BMC) to meet the needs.

The arrival of the Suez crisis, the then President of the British Motor Corporation, Leonard Lord, sees the need to create a car that is compact, small and economical with which to meet the growing demand for mobility of British society. The task it is assigned to Alec Issigonis, Chief Engineer of the BMC. The idea was to design a car of small dimensions with a capacity of 4 people and luggage.

In 1957, the integrated team by Alec Issigonis, Jack Daniel, Chris Kingham, 2 students of engineering and 4 draftsmen presented the first prototype with the BMC-based components to reduce costs. Then several amendments and adaptation of various revolutionary techniques such as the 10 inch wheels, on August 26, 1959 Austin Seven was launched to the market and the Morris Mini Minor that were manufactured in the United Kingdom in the factories at Longbride and Cowley, Oxford and later in other countries.

Early years of the Mini car market

Mini Austin caused a revolution by its size, versatility and its great stability on any type of terrain; However, in 1960 the popular kinds of medium and low not reached as sought Lord and Issigonis for the majority of buyers were executives, students and women with a considerable economic level.

In 1961 the engineer John Cooper, expert trainer and champion world brands of Formula 1 in 1959 and 1960, saw the potential of the MINI for automotive competitions so it presented a project to Issigonis to adapt to the Mini a 997 cc sports engine, and some tweaks. So was born the Mini Cooper, the most famous of all which reached the success that both had expected with the first model.

It was in 1962 that the Mini boom begins as people with low purchasing power improved its economy, young people looking for fun offering to be behind the wheel and the women saw him as a symbol of independence.

Their participation in car contests

With new amendments to the Mini Cooper became viable for automobile competitions and was so that the BMC is its first official factory for Rally Team, hires drivers and co-drivers, among them the legendary Rauno Aaltonen, Timo M?kinen and Paddy Hopkirk. The MINI COOPER were quick and successes were swift, but more power was needed to win in the world competitions, so in 1963 appears the version called Cooper S, (the S is for Special) with an engine increased and 1071 cc which leads to Paddy Hopkirk Henry Liddon to 1st place in the Monte Carlo Rally from 1964.

In 1965 the Cooper S engine was increased to 1275 cc and the Monte Carlo Rally wins second consecutive with Timo M?kinen driving. In 1966, when 3 MORRIS MINI COOPERS accomplished the first 3 places in the Monte Carlo Rally with M?kinen, Aaltonen and Hopkirk judges of the event respectively, investigated the Minis find a pretext to disqualify them. After a thorough search, they found that the front lights and the fog used halogen single filament, which did not meet the French laws. The MINI COOPERS were disqualified, being this disqualification one of the most talked-about scandals in the world of rallying.

But in 1967 Rauno Aaltonen again wins the Monte Carlo Rally, thus obtaining the third official victory in Monte Carlo. The Minis in the 1960s, won over 25 first-line rallies and countless national rallies before other cars of that largest and most powerful way managed to turn into a real legend on wheels.

Today, in classic car races we can see Minis running as they did in the 1960s, against Ford Mustangs, Corvettes, Austin-Healey, MG, Triumph, and other more powerful automobiles, but the Mini almost always leads these tests.

Evolution of the Mini Cooper to the present

In the second half of 1967, all models were replaced by the new MkII range, with some changes, but the success of the MkI (Mini Cooper S 970, 1071 and 1275 cc). In 1968 he completed production of the Mini Cooper's 998 cc, thus leaving it ended the golden age of the Minis, but not before throwing a third-generation called Cooper MkIII which only lasted until 1971.

During the following two decades, Cooper was not the only manufacturer of Minis because they were built by a large number of manufacturers and in various versions of that way the Minis were scattered around the world. 1000 Units of the Cooper RSP (Rover Special Products) are produced in 1990, and in 1991, this model was replaced by another who had a more modern engine electronically and with slight changes. This version lasted until 2000, which ceased its production forever.

The arrival of the new Millennium meant the arrival of a new generation of the Mini, because this was revised in its entirety, but taking into account the design of the original model. In 2002, the S version made great impression between their new and old fans. Today, the new Mini Cooper is produced by BMW, which ensures a long future for one of the most popular cars in history.

Photo Gallery of Mini

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Mini Cars Reviews

Mini Cooper S

Mini Cooper S

Initially, 848 cc engines were included in the Mini Cooper S and a 997 Cubic Centimeter engine was included later for increasing the power to55 bhp from a mere 34 bhp. The car featured a racing tuned engine, a closer-ratio gearbox, twin SU carburetors, and front disc brakes, which was quite uncommon.

Mini Cooper

Mini Cooper

John Cooper, owner of the Cooper Car Company and designer and builder of the Formula One had already seen the potential of the Mini for competition. His friend Issigonis was however not convinced. John Cooper appealed to the BMC management, convinced them.

Technical characteristics of Mini Models

Name Year Power Fuel
1 MINI One D 2005 88HP (64 kW) @ 3800 rpm 4.8 l/100km
2 MINI Cooper S Automatic 2010 184HP (135 kW) @ 5500 rpm 6.4 l/100km
3 MINI Cooper Coup? Automatic 2011 122HP (90 kW) @ 6000 rpm 6.4 l/100km
4 MINI Cooper D Clubman R55 2007 109HP (80 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.1 l/100km
5 MINI Cooper Clubman R55 2007 119HP (88 kW) @ 6000 rpm 5.5 l/100km
6 MINI Cooper S Cabrio Automatic 2004 170HP (125 kW) @ 6000 rpm 9.2 l/100km
7 MINI Cooper Countryman Automatic 2010 122HP (90 kW) @ 6000 rpm n/a
8 MINI Cooper Clubman Automatic R55 2007 119HP (88 kW) @ 6000 rpm 6.6 l/100km
9 Mini 1000 Saloon 1979 39HP (29 kW) @ 4750 rpm 9.8 l/100km
10 MINI Cooper 2001 115HP (85 kW) @ 6000 rpm 4.8 l/100km
11 MINI Cooper Countryman 2010 122HP (90 kW) @ 6000 rpm n/a
12 MINI Cooper S Coup? Automatic 2011 184HP (135 kW) @ 5500 rpm 6.4 l/100km
13 MINI Cooper D 2007 109HP (80 kW) @ 4000 rpm 4.4 l/100km
14 MINI Cooper D Automatic 2007 110HP (81 kW) @ 4000 rpm 5 l/100km
15 MINI Cooper Cabrio 2010 122HP (90 kW) @ 6000 rpm 5.7 l/100km